Saturday, 26 December 2015

Options Settlement

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Options Settlement is the process by which the obligations between the holder and writer of an options contract are resolved after the contract is exercised. Settlement can happen under 2 circumstances; Voluntary exercise by the holder or automatic exercise upon expiration. In an options trade, the buyer of the option pays the option price or the option premium. The options seller has to deposit an initial margin with the clearing member as he is exposed to unlimited losses. Settlement in options trading is the process where the terms of an options contract are resolved between the holder and the writer. In options trading, the holder is the one who owns an options contract and a writer is the person who sold the holder that options contract.
Settlement in call options contracts involves the holders of the options contracts paying the writers for the underlying asset at the strike price. Settlement in put options contracts involves the holder of the options contract selling the underlying asset to the writer at the strike price. After settlement, the options contract will cease to exist and all obligations between the holder and the writer would be resolved.

There are basically three types of settlement in stock option contracts:
1) daily premium settlement,
2) exercise settlement and
3) interim exercise settlement.

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